Shark Attacks are mostly researched in the Western part of Austrailia. The next most common place that shark attacks are researched in is New Zealand then followed by the United States.
An ‘unprovoked’ encounter between a human and a shark is defined as an incident where a shark is in its natural habitat and has made a determined attempt to bite a human without any human provocation. A ‘provoked’ incident occurs when a human attracts or initiates physical contact with a shark, e.g. a person is bitten after grabbing a shark, a fisherman bitten while removing a shark from a hook, interactions with spearfishermen while spearing fish or the shark, a person steps on a shark, etc. The ‘uninjured’ category represents bumps or bites to surfboards where the person was not injured. The criteria for inclusion can be viewed in full on the ASAF web pages on the Taronga Zoo web site
The International Shark Attack File (ISAF), a database of shark attacks maintained by the Florida Museum of Natural History (FMNH), includes a yearly summary of so-called "unprovoked attacks" — aggressive interactions initiated by sharks against people in the sharks' habitat, without any prior contact — and tallied 98 such attacks in 2015. The previous record was 88 attacks, which occurred in 2000.
South Carolina, Florida, California and Hawaii all rank high when it comes to the common spots of shark attacks.
Map of Shark Awareness in Australian Waters
Are Shark Attacks Common?